Written by Joe Leech, MS on January 8, For decades, high fructose corn syrup has been used as a sweetener in processed foods. Supposedly high in fructoseit has been heavily criticized for its negative health effects. Many people claim that it is even more harmful than other sugar-based sweeteners. But how does high fructose corn syrup really compare to regular sugar?
Share on Facebook By definition, simple carbohydrates contain one or two sugar units. They naturally occur in fruits, vegetables and dairy products. Sucrose, for instance, abounds in sugar beets and sugar cane.
Table sugar results from the industrial processing of sugar beets or sugar cane. In contrast, high-fructose corn syrup, or HFCS, comes from highly processed corn and is a liquid sweetener.
HFCS and cane sugar are both simple carbs but slightly differ in their structure. It comes from evaporated sugar cane juice and can yield different forms of sugar depending on processing methods. Raw sugar crystals and turbinado, for instance, are unrefined cane sugars.
Cane sugar has a granular structure and you need to dissolve it in water before use. Also, it easily breaks down in acidic environments, which can affect texture and sweetness when it is used in food preparation.
Its stability in acidic environments, flavor, pourability and greater ability to blend with other ingredients have made it a preferred sweetener for liquid foods and drinks.
Many soft drinks and processed foods contain added HCFS, as well as some canned goods and dairy products. HFCS is a syrup that you can simply dilute before consumption.
Structural Comparison Glucose and fructose are both monosaccharides, the simplest form of sugar. Your body must first break cane sugar down in your small intestine before it can absorb it, while HFCS requires no digestion and directly enters your bloodstream.
Also, cane sugar, or sucrose, contains equal amounts of glucose and fructose. In contrast, although the specific composition of HCFS depends on manufacturing, researchers at the Princeton University estimate that the typical HFCS consists of 55 percent of fructose, 42 percent of glucose and 3 percent larger sugar molecules.
Functional Comparison Each gram of sugar ultimately yields 4 calories, whether you eat cane sugar or fructose. Biochemist Pamela Champe, Ph. Excessive dietary fructose intake from HCFS or cane sugar can therefore make your liver work overtime.
However, inPrinceton researchers reported that the addition of HCFS to a normal diet markedly increased obesity rates in animal studies, while equivalent amounts of sucrose did not. Consuming too much of either one can lead to weight gain, since your body ultimately stores excess carbs as fat.
According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, you should limit added sugars in your diet and make water your drink of choice. Fruits and vegetables are better carbohydrate sources than refined grains and sugars because they provide a wide range of essential nutrients.High-Fructose Corn Syrup Composition.
|Featured in Health||Email High-fructose corn syrup has long been portrayed as a major villain in the American diet.|
Sweet corn is full of sugar in the form of carbohydrates. The corn’s starch is extracted and processed to produce corn syrup, which is 93 to 96 percent glucose.
Corn syrup is further processed into high-fructose corn syrup by Founded: Jun 17, High-fructose corn syrup is made from corn that has been processed first into corn starch and then into pure corn syrup.
But pure corn syrup is composed completely of the simple sugar glucose, which is not sweet enough for use in food feelthefish.comd: Sep 18, High-fructose corn syrup is a bigger health concern only because it's added to so many foods and beverages, sometimes in large amounts.
For example, a ounce cola has grams of fructose. Overconsumption of added sugar can cause weight gain, which subsequently increases your risk of heart disease.
Apr 21, · The high-fructose corn syrup used in most soft drinks and other sweetened beverages in the U.S. contains about 55% fructose and 45% glucose, compared to the 50/50 fructose-glucose ratio found in. Nov 15, · High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is one of several products—along with glucose, dextrose, corn starch, ethanol, and other products—derived from the wet milling of corn.
U.S. corn refiners produce high fructose corn syrup by first converting corn starch to a syrup . High-fructose corn syrup comprises any of a group of corn syrups that has undergone enzymatic processing to convert some of its glucose into fructose to produce a desired sweetness. Table sugar or sucrose is the organic compound seen most commonly as white, odorless, crystalline powder with a .