Odysseus fought among the other Greek heroes at Troy and now struggles to return to his kingdom in Ithaca. Odysseus is the husband of Queen Penelope and the father of Prince Telemachus. Though a strong and courageous warrior, he is most renowned for his cunning. He is a favorite of the goddess Athena, who often sends him divine aid, but a bitter enemy of Poseidon, who frustrates his journey at every turn.
In the midst of the one of these rocks which was nearest to Italy, there dwelt, according to Homer, Scylla, a daughter of Crataeis, a fearful monster, barking like a dog, with twelve feet, six long necks and mouths, each of which contained three rows of sharp teeth.
The opposite rock, which was much lower, contained an immense fig-tree, under which there dwelt Charybdis, who thrice every day swallowed down the waters of the sea, and thrice threw them up again: Some, again, describe her as a monster with six heads of different animals, or with only three heads Tzetz.
One tradition relates that Scylla originally was a beautiful maiden, who often played with the nymphs of the sea, and was beloved by the marine god Glaucus.
He applied to Circe for means to make Scylla return his love; but Circe, jealous of the fair maiden, threw magic herbs into the well in which Scylla was wont to bathe, and by these herbs the maiden was metamorphosed in such a manner, that the upper part of her body remained that of a woman, while the lower part was changed into the tail of a fish or serpent, surrounded by dogs Ov.
Another tradition related that Scylla was beloved by Poseidon, and that Amphitrite, from jealousy, metamorphosed her into a monster Tzetz.
Heracles is said to have killed her, because she had stolen some of the oxen of Geryon; but Phorcys is said to have restored her to life Eustath. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Shewring Greek epic C8th B. Aldrich Greek mythographer C2nd A. Rieu Greek epic C3rd B.
Grant Roman mythographer C2nd A.
Scylla [in a list of monsters]. Rackham Roman encyclopedia C1st A. On the one side are overshadowing rocks against which dash the mighty billows of the goddess of blue-glancing seas. The blessed gods call these rocks the Wanderers. On the other side are a pair of cliffs.
One of them with its jagged peak reaches up to the spreading sky, wreathed in dark cloud that never parts. There is no clear sky above this peak even in summer or harvest-time, nor could any mortal man climb up it or get a foothold on it, not if he had twenty hands and feet; so smooth is the stone, as if it were all burnished over.
Half-way up the cliff is a murky cave, facing Erebos, and doubtless it is past this, Odysseus, that you and your men will steer your vessel. A strong man's arrow shot from a ship below would not reach the recesses of that cave.
Inside lives Skylla Scyllayelping hideously; her voice is no deeper than a young puppy's but she herself is a fearsome monster; no one could see her and still be happy, not even a god if he went that way.
She has twelve feet all dangling down, six long necks with a grisly head on each of them, and in each head a triple row of crowded and close-set teeth, fraught with black death. Sunk waist-deep in the cave's recesses, she still darts out her head from that frightening hollow, and there, groping greedily round the rock, she fishes for dolphins delphines and for sharks kynes and whatever beast ketos more huge than these she can seize upon from all the thousands that have their pasture from loud-moaning Amphitrite.
No seaman ever, in any vessel, has boasted of sailing that way unharmed, for with every single head of hers she snatches and carries off a man from the dark-prowed ship. You will see that the other cliff lies lower, no more than an arrow's flight away. On this there grows a great leafy fig-tree; under it, awesome Kharybdis Charybdis sucks the dark water down.
No, keep closer to Skylla's cliff, and row past that as quickly as may be; far better to lose six men and keep your ship than to lose your men one and all. Will you not bow to the deathless gods themselves? Skylla is not of mortal kind; she is a deathless monster, grim and baleful, savage, not to be wrestled with.
Against her there is no defence, and the best path is the path of flight. If you pause to arm beside that rock, I fear that she may dart out again, seize again with as many heads and snatch as many men as before.
No, row hard and invoke Krataiis Crataeis ; she is Skylla's mother; it is she who bore her to plague mankind; Krataiis will hold her from darting twice.
And to you, steersman. I had stopped short of mentioning Skylla Scyllaan inexorable horror; the crew in fear might have left their oars and huddled down inside the hold.
And here I let myself forget that irksome command of Kirke's Circe's ; she had told me not to arm at all, but I put my glorious armour on, took a long spear in either hand and strode up to the half-deck forward, since it was from there that I thought to catch the first glimpse of Skylla, that monster of the rock who was bringing doom to my companions.
I could not as yet spy her anywhere, and my eyes grew tired as I peered this way and that toward the misty rock.Scylla, Paestan red-figure krater C4th B.C., The J. Paul Getty Museum. SKYLLA (Scylla) was a sea-monster who haunted the rocks of a narrow strait opposite the whirlpool of Kharybdis (Charybdis).Ships who sailed too close to her rocks would lose six men to her ravenous, darting heads.
In the house of Helios, god of the sun and mightiest of the Titans, a daughter is born. But Circe is a strange child--not powerful, like her father, nor viciously alluring like her mother. Circe and Odysseus' men, Athenian red-figure pelike C5th B.C., Staatliche Kunstammlungen Dresden KIRKE (Circe) was a goddess of sorcery (pharmakeia) who was skilled in the magic of transmutation, illusion, and feelthefish.com lived on the mythical island of Aiaia (Aeaea) with her nymph companions.
Odysseus - The protagonist of the Odyssey. Odysseus fought among the other Greek heroes at Troy and now struggles to return to his kingdom in Ithaca. Odysseus is the husband of Queen Penelope and the father of Prince Telemachus.
Sep 09, · Circe generally refers to the Greek goddess. She is most well-known for her role in the Odyssey. In Homer's Odyssey, Circe is a witch, who lives in a mansion on the island Aeaea, surrounded by a. The two goddesses with whom Odysseus has extended affairs are similar in that Circe is a devastatingly beautiful goddess-enchantress and Calypso is a devastatin.