Social stratification and social class Social stratification and social class 8 August Slavery Today,stratification, a system by which society ranks its members in a hierarchy, is the norm throughout the world. All societies stratify their members.
Essay on Social Class Words Article shared by: Read this comprehensive essay on Social Class! The notion of objectivity of class existence is the main contribution of Karl Marx. His emphasis is on the economic factors. Power, style of life and property determine the class status of individuals in the society.
Karl Marx defined the social classes by their relation to the means of production ownership or non-ownership. In modern capitalist society there are two principal classes the capitalist and the proletariat.
He agreed with the fundamental tenet of Marx that control over property is a basic fact in the determination of the life chances of an individual or a class. That is to say, the members of a particular class will have more or less chance of getting good things of life — things such as a high standard of living, leisure etc.
To the economic dimension Weber added two other dimensions, prestige and power. He saw these factors as separate but interacting bases of social hierarchy. His notions are that property creates classes, prestige creates status groups and power creates parties.
Like Marx, Weber recognized the important role of property in giving rise to status group. However, he gave it less importance than Marx did. Weber had given emphasis on life-style in deciding status group. Weber says that status groups are formed on the basis of prestige and honour.
He admits that difference in property can constitute the basis for differences in honour or prestige. Many modern sociologists regard status as the basic criterion of social class.
According to this view, classes arise wherever social differentiations in terms of language, locality, faction or specialization are associated with a status hierarchy.
These differentiations may give rise to significant class phenomena only when they develop common sentiments.
What is most important in making class distinction is the sense of status which is sustained by economic, political or ecclestical power and by the distinctive modes of life and cultural expression corresponding to them. In this sense the status separates one class from the other.
Thus, classes are status marked and group conscious strata. It follows that the division of society into classes on the basis of status is unavoidable. But the primary determinant of status is unquestionably economic.
In a class-ridden society, a man possessing wealth has resources through which he can exercise both economic and political power. Social class are defacto groups and their basis is mainly economic. But they are more than economic groups.
Nature of Social Class: The System is Ubiquitous: Class system is a universal phenomenon. It is prevalent in all modern and complex social systems. Class is an Economic Group: Social classes are determined by their relation to means of production. A social class also includes wealth, property, income etc.
Class is also a Status Group: Class is also related to status dimension. Status groups are composed of persons having the same life style and in joining similar social honour.
Thus, status consciousness separates the individuals both physically and psychologically. In class system status is achieved, not ascribed.
Class is open and elastic and mobility is possible. A man can, by his effort and initiative, change his class and thereby rise in social status. Feeling of class consciousness is experienced among the members of a particular class.Social class is a form of social stratification which impacts on peoples’ lives either negatively or positively.
It refers to wealth, education. Social Stratification and Class Essay Words | 7 Pages. backs of the "middle class." To people in the "lower class," the promise is held that in a capitalist society, by working hard you can lift yourself out of the lower income bracket to join the "middle class.".
Further reading For an excellent review of issues posed in the classification of social classes, see Catherine Marsh, ‘Social class and occupation’, in R. Burgess (ed.) () Key Variables in Social Investigation, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Read this comprehensive essay on Social Class! One of the important elements of social stratification is the ‘Class’. A social class is ‘a category or group of persons having a definite status in society which permanently determines their relations to other groups’.
Social mobility, or movement up or down the social hierarchy, is a major characteristic of the class system. Social class (attributes, categories). For centuries, sociologists have analyzed social stratification, its root causes, and its effects on society. Free Essay: Race vs.
Social Class THESIS: Race differences in identity and social position were, and are, more important than class differences in American.